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When we hear about diabetes, we all know that it is a disease related to the production of insulin and that it causes a high level of glucose in the blood. However, it is necessary to clarify that there are two types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. In this post we are going to focus on the second and its differences with respect to the first.
What is type 2 diabetes?
Type II diabetes mellitus is defined as a metabolic disorder characterized by high blood glucose (hyperglycemia) due to insufficient insulin production. The cause of these high levels of glucose in the blood is due to the fact that it is not metabolized for the most part.
Approximately 90% of diabetes cases correspond to this type, closely related to obesity and sedentary lifestyle.
Main differences with type 1 diabetes
Although both cases have in common the fact that the level of sugar in the blood is high (which can cause problems in the heart, brain, vision or kidneys) there are differences in their causes, symptoms and other characteristics of the illness:
• Type 2 diabetes usually develops in adults, while type 1 usually appears in childhood and adolescence.
• People with type 2 diabetes are capable of producing insulin, although in insufficient amounts. Those with type 1 diabetes are unable to produce this hormone.
• Type 2 diabetes is associated with obesity, sedentary lifestyle, and genetic inheritance. In the other type, it is produced by an attack by the immune system itself.
• Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed with exercise and a healthy diet.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes
A high percentage of people who suffer from this disease are not diagnosed and, therefore, do not know that they suffer from type 2 diabetes. It is important to know the symptoms to go to the specialist if there is any suspicion and that he can perform the relevant tests to detect diabetes.
• Being very thirsty
• Urinating too often
• Feeling tired.
• Blurred vision.
• Frequent infections
• Increase the hunger.
• Involuntary weight loss
A steroid hormone known as cortisol helps the body control and deal with stress. When a person is in a dangerous or high-pressure situation, their body releases cortisol, and this can impact their metabolism. People often reach for food for comfort when they feel stressed. Cortisol causes those excess calories to remain around the belly and other areas of the body for later use.

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